The abstract art is one of the types of limited edition art prints which in its purest form is one in which the subject cannot be recognized. It is unique in the sense that it cannot be related to anything external or it does not look like anything. It can rightly be termed as non-objective and non-rep-representational. Abstract art utilizes visual language comprising of form, color and line to develop a composition which are independent or are unrelated to any visual references in the world. Apart from this paintings that signify things which cannot be viewed like emotion, sound or spiritual experience are also classified as abstract art as figurative abstractions and paintings. Figurative abstractions are art works where detail is eliminated from familiar objects leaving only the essence of recognizable form.
There are also abstract art which is geometric, like the works of Mondrian, and abstract art that is more fluid such as the abstract art of Kandinsky or Pollock. The Western art history marked a change in the belief that a painting was supposed to symbolize something in the early 20th century. Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism and other art movements of the time all contributed in bringing about this revolution and thus standard code of art followed since The Renaissance. Impressionism brought about painters who left their paintings unfinished. The Fauvists used color in a non-realistic way. Cubism pioneered the thought of painting an object from numerous view points. All these changes helped in deriving color, line, form, and texture as the subject of the painting.
Most of the art of earlier cultures were in the form of signs and marks on pottery, textiles, and inscriptions and paintings on rock that used to be simple, geometric and linear forms which might have had a figurative or ornamental purpose. They just had visual meaning just like abstract art, yet they were beautiful. Abstract art was a contribution of three art movements which were Romanticism, Impressionism and Expressionism. The 19th century saw the rise in artistic independence of artists. Church patronage decreased and private patronage from the public was became the reason for artist’s livelihood.
By the end of the 19th century most of the artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would cover the basic changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The basis from which individual artists derived their theoretical arguments was varied, and was a showcase of the social and intellectual preoccupation different areas of Western culture at that time.
The late 19th century and 20th century witnessed artists making drastic changes in painting styles, influenced by technology, like the invention of the metal paint tube and photography, as well as world events.
Thus abstraction can be described as painting the essence of a subject rather than going into detail, nevertheless, preserving an echo of whatever it is that encouraged the idea. One might reduce the subject to the dominant colors, shapes, or patterns. The difference between abstract which is a type of limited edition art prints and figurative art has, over the last twenty years, become less defined leaving a wider range of ideas for all artists.